Түргүдин Орн
Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
УранYurtta Barış, Dünyada Barış
Peace at Home, Peace in the World
Частрİstiklâl Marşı
The Anthem of Independence
Location of Turkey
Хотл БалһснАнкара
39° 55′ N, 32° 50′ E / 39.917, 32.833
Аһу Ик Балһсн Стамбул
Келн Түргдин келн
Улсин нерн Turkish
Залвр Presidential republic
 -  Founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
 -  President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Succession to the Ottoman Empire² 
 -  Treaty of Lausanne July 24, 1923 
 -  Declaration of Republic October 29, 1923 
Аһу
 -  Бүклдән 783 562 km2 (37th)
302 535 sq mi 
 -  Усна аһу (%) 1.3
Олн улс
 -  2009 census 72,561,312[1] (18th³)
 -  Олн улсин нигтнь 92.6/km2 (108th³)
239,8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $880.061 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $12,476[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $615.329 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $8,723[2] 
Gini (2005) 38 
HDI (2007) 0.806[3] (high) (79th)
Currency Turkish lira5 (TRY)
Цагин бус EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
ТЛД .tr
Calling code 90
2 Treaty of Lausanne (1923).
3 Population and population density rankings based on 2005 figures.
4 Human Development Report 2007/2008, page 230. United Nations Development Programme (2007). Retrieved on 2007-11-30.
5 The Turkish lira (Türk Lirası, TL) replaced the Turkish new lira on January 1, 2009.

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